Scope Of Hydrogen Vehicles Instead of EV In India.

Aishwarya Panda
Aishwarya Panda May 30, 2022
Updated 2022/06/07 at 11:00 AM

Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles In India.

India is preparing to test a new generation of electric vehicles powered by hydrogen fuel cells, to reduce its carbon footprint on the environment. The country’s largest power generator, National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC), is planning to procure Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles  for pilot projects. Hydrogen-powered vehicles deliver a longer driving range than the electric vehicles.

The driving range of the vehicle does not depend on the atmospheric temperature.  A Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle is beneficiary to the environment as it produces exactly zero carbon emissions and the only exhausted product is water.

Hydrogen Powered Vehicles: What is it and how does it work?

The Fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) are powered by Hydrogen fuel or compressed hydrogen gas. They are more efficient than conventional internal combustion engine vehicles and produce no harmful emissions—they only emit water vapor and warm air. . This type of vehicle runs on compressed hydrogen gas. This Hydrogen gas is then fueled into a fuel cell called ‘stack’, which transforms the chemical energy into the electrical energy which is then transferred to the specific electrical motor to work.

Hydrogen Cars vs EVs – Which Is The Future For Electric Vehicles?


Here, The hydrogen-powered cars are the clear winner without a doubt. Hydrogen-powered vehicles are just more efficient in their work. With just small amounts of hydrogen fuel, vehicles can run a relatively longer distance than EVs.


Hydrogen-powered vehicles provide a decent amount of power and a similar power output as compared to EVs. Both Hydrogen-powered cars and EVs are far better in terms of power delivery as compared to petrol or diesel vehicles.


Fueling up a hydrogen cell car is almost as fast as fueling up a regular petrol/diesel vehicle. It takes around 10 – 15 minutes of filling up a hydrogen fuel cell car’s tank. On the other hand, Electric vehicles can take up to 8-10 hours to charge using normal chargers.

The Main Motive Of Hydrogen Powered Vehicles In India

Reduce Carbon Emissions

The main motive for switching to hydrogen-powered vehicles from conventional Internal Combustion engine vehicles is to reduce carbon emissions. But the awareness for Hydrogen fueled cars is much less than EVs and this is reflected in the sales figures. Thus, It is important to spread awareness and knowledge about the benefits of hydrogen powered vehicles in the favor of our environment.

Upcoming hydrogen cars in India

In the Indian market, Toyota has recently launched a  project to test the Mirai FCEV (Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle). The Japanese automaker and the Indian government along with the  ICAT (International Centre for Automotive Technology), will study and approve the hydrogen-powered car for Indian conditions.

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