Top 10 Programming Languages For Robotics In 2023 

The following programming languages are cores to numerous android and non-android robots.

Rithika Biswas
Rithika Biswas January 28, 2023
Updated 2023/01/30 at 12:48 PM

Robotics is one such field that is growing at a rapid pace. It also relies heavily on programming languages and coding, as this is essentially what controls the movement, working, and so much more of the robot. The selection of the right program for the proper functioning of the robot is essential. Programming language is the core for any AI or robot to function & carry out even the most basic tasks; they determine the strength, capabilities & how much it can develop. 

All programming languages have their upsides and downsides, and this article explains a little more in-depth about the languages so that you get an idea of what’s best for you and your goals. 

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Python is one of the most sought-after programming languages solely due to its simplicity, readability, and versatility. It’s specifically and extensively used for its machine learning, computer vision, and control systems. It also has a huge community and many open-source libraries and frameworks that support and aid robotics development. It’s widely popular due to its simplicity and readability and is an easy choice for beginning coders. vision,


This is one of the most powerful, high-performance programming languages and is preferred in the robotics world. It’s desired for its potential to handle complex algorithms and low-level operations. C++ is being used for a range of tasks, including real-time control of systems, motion planning, and sensor processing. This particular language bases a large community and many open-source libraries, and frameworks which support development in robotics. 


Java is a well know, popular programming language especially in robotics as it has platform independence, portability and a huge community. It’s mainly used in various industries. Its JVM (Java Virtual Machine) allows the programs to run on various platforms. Java is an oriented language which makes it rich in set libraries and frameworks and a good option for robotics. It’s also majorly used for the development of android apps which makes a good shot for robotics as it’s used to work with mobile robots on a daily basis. 

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It is a popular programming language again due to its simplicity & versatility. This is a relatively modern object-oriented language which is widely in use. It’s also the primary language used in the development of windows. C# also has a set of rich libraries and frameworks which are ideal for robotics development. 


This is a numerical computing environment with a programming language which is very popular for robotics. This is due to its being able to handle complex mathematical computations, simulation and data visualization.  It’s widely used in research and prototype education, along with the modelling and simulation of robotic systems. It also entails a wide community along with numerous toolboxes and libraries supporting robotics development. 


It is a popular programming language which is widely popular for its flexibility and ability to work smoothly on various platforms. It’s best used to control robots via other devices with the help of web interfaces to create web-based visualization and control tabs. This particular programming language uses a combination of different technologies paired with Node js and ROS for the creation of robotics applications. 

Learning resources: MATLAB | Princeton Research Computing


Due to its ease of use and compact size, the programming language Lua is lightweight and high-performance and is widely used in robotics. It is commonly utilized as an embedded scripting language for robotics system configuration and control. For small-scale robotics projects, like those involving embedded systems, Lua is a straightforward and simple language to learn the language. It can also be easily integrated with other languages like C/C++ and has a small memory footprint.


Owing to its simplicity, readability, and user-friendliness, Ruby is a well-known programming language for robotics. It is an easy-to-learn and use object-oriented language, making it suitable for smaller-scale robotics projects. It has a reasonably large community as well as numerous libraries and frameworks that aid in the growth of robotics.


Go, also identified as Golang, is an emerging, open-source programming language created for reliable, concurrent, and scalable systems. Because of its propensity to handle massive amounts of information and its support for concurrency, it is widely used in robotics and is therefore ideal for creating distributed systems. Go is an efficient and rapid language because it is compiled and statically typed. It is also renowned for being direct and accessible, making it simple to understand and use.


A mainstream, open-source programming language named “Rust” is directed at creating reliable and secure systems. Due to its memory-safety features, which can help prevent common programming errors such as buffer overflows, and its capability to perform low-level operations, it is becoming more and more popular in robotics. Rust is an effective and quick language because it is inscribed and compiled. 


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